SAMPLE ADVOCACY LETTERS. ○ Decide to whom you will write. ○ Use a business letter format. personal about how you or your child is affected.] You are Missing: bike helmets.
Not all legislation introduced in passed, however. Bills in Iowa and Missouri did not pass.
An attempt failed in Rhode Island to white full face bike helmets its law to require 3-feet passing, rather than safe passing.
Arvocacy introduced legislation to increase the passing buffer from 2 feet to 3 feet, but that measure also failed.
These laws typically state that vehicles must pass bicyclists at a safe distance and speed, but advlcacy are advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets more specific.
Statutes in states with 3-feet passing laws contain varying degrees of detail. Some simply lay out the 3-feet threshold, while others are more distinct. State penalties for violating 3-feet passing laws also vary. Vulnerable Users Another trend in the past decade has been to increase protection for vulnerable roadway users— bicyclists, pedestrians, motorcyclists, etc.
Such laws typically not only define vulnerable user, but also prescribe increased penalties for endangering such users. Sinceat least eight states—Colorado, Advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Chldren, Vermont and Washington—have enacted measures related to protecting vulnerable users. Vermont, for example, defines a vulnerable user as: Colorado, Louisiana, Mississippi and Vermont specifically passed measures to protect bicyclists from aggressive and deviant motorist behavior, such as passing too closely.
All include language restricting throwing an object at bicyclists or taunting or harassing them.
Louisiana law, for example, states: Any person who violates this Section shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more ahd thirty days. Colorado and Vermont also extended such protections to pedestrians. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated 23, children were injured by cars while walking and bicycling in ; more specific numbers for travel to school are not available. Most of this funding is used for infrastructure improvements, and approximately 10 to 30 percent is used for education programs.
As of this publication, some versions of the current federal transportation reauthorization debate would zero-out funding advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets the Safe Routes to School programs, although others have proposed to bike brim hat for helmets the program.
Many states use SRTS grants to provide bicycle and pedestrian education at schools statewide.
This involves certifying physical education teachers, public safety officers and other youth program professionals to teach bicycle and pedestrian safety to Texas schoolchildren; sinceBikeTexas has certified more than 3, people. Cities are aggressive in helmet promotion.
But many European health experts have taken a funny bike helmets different view: Yes, there are studies that show that if you fall off a bicycle at a certain speed and hit your head, a helmet can reduce your risk of helkets head injury. But such falls off bikes are rare — exceedingly so in mature urban cycling systems. On the other hand, many researchers say, if you force or pressure people to wear helmets, you discourage them from riding bicycles.
That means advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets obesityheart disease and diabetes. And — Catch — a result kids downhill helmet fewer ordinary cyclists on the road, which makes it harder to develop a safe bicycling network. The safest biking cities are places like Amsterdam and Copenhagenwhere middle-aged commuters are mainstay riders xample the fraction of adults in helmets is minuscule. He studied the advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets with mathematical modeling, and concludes that the benefits may outweigh the risks by 20 to 1.
He adds: Jeffrey Michael, an agency official.
The classic example is Australia's helmet laws. Laws requiring all bicycle riders to wear helmets were put into effect between and in each of the Australian states. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, in1.
Ten years later, inafter national helmet laws were in advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets, only 1. Approximately 26 percent fewer flat black street bike helmet were bicycling to bie, presumably due to the advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets law.
People on both hekmets of the helmet debate will tell you that fewer cyclists on the road is a bad thing; more people cycling is good. With more bikes on the road, drivers are more aware of the bikes. In fact, the most effective way to make cycling safer is simply for more people to bike.
A paper argued that, on average, when the number of cyclists doubles, the total number of injuries increases by about 32 percent. The risk of injury per person is reduced. Here in Minneapolis, we've done even better. According to eltter Star Tribune article "As bicycle use climbs, rate of crashes with vehicles bicycle racing helmet Feb. Even without a helmet, the health benefits of cycling appear to far outweigh the risks.
A study quantified the benefits and risks of cycling. At this level, strategies that encourage persons to wear bicycle helmets can be aevocacy to the needs of a specific community.
Several organizations publish materials e. Components of a community program include building a coalition and planning, implementing, and evaluating the program Appendix C.
Legislation that mandates the use of bicycle helmets effectively increases helmet use, hellmets when combined with an educational campaign. Education often facilitates behavioral change; however, education alone is rarely effective.
Laws mandating helmet use supplement and reinforce the message of an educational campaign, requiring people to act on their knowledge. Several states and localities have enacted laws requiring bicycle helmet use e.
Other groups that require helmet use include the United States Cycling Federation -- the governing body advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets amateur bicycle racing and Olympic training -- and the Greater Arizona Bicyclist Association. Once enacted, bicycle helmet laws should be enforced.
However, enforcement of helmet laws should be carried out through education rather than punishment. For example, local kid flash helmet officers could tell persons who advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets the bicycle helmet law about the benefits of helmet use and provide them with discount coupons for the purchase of a helmet. Fines for the first citation could be waived if the person shows that he or she has acquired a helmet.
Bicycle helmet laws contain stipulations concerning enforcement. For example, in the California and New York legislation, the first violation is dismissed if the person charged proves helmehs a helmet meeting the standards has been purchased. The fines for noncompliance vary among jurisdictions. Regardless of the specific penalties that are helmsts to enforce the law, enforcement must be accompanied by the active involvement of the law enforcement community e.
This involvement should begin when the state or community is developing and advocating for a bicycle helmet law. Although these studies indicate that bicycle helmet campaigns increase the use of helmets, the relative merits of any individual component of the campaigns are more difficult to assess.
The studies do advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets, however, that community campaigns must include several strategies; single interventions do not have the same impact as multiple interventions. Furthermore, some studies indicated that helmet ownership and use were greater among children from high-income than low-income families 38, Potential barriers arai dirt bike helmets increased helmet use among children from low-income ketter may include both the cost of helmets and language barriers These studies highlight the importance of considering other issues that may influence the purchase and use of helmets e.
The following recommendations are based on helmtes data regarding the occurrence of head injury among bicyclists and the ability of helmets to prevent or reduce these injuries. These recommendations advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets for state and local agencies and other organizations that are planning programs to increase the use of bicycle helmets.
Recommendation 1: Bicycle helmets should be worn chileren all persons i. Although operators and passengers of all ages are at risk for bicycle-related head injuries, communities that must focus on a particular risk group should consider children less than 15 years of age as the primary target group for the following reasons:. In most communities, helmet-use rates among children are lower than those among adults.
Persons who begin using helmets as children are more likely to continue to use them as adults.
However, even in communities in which efforts or programs focus on children, adults also should be included in the bicycle helmet program because of their educational influence on children. As programs gain resources, they should expand to include older age groups because adults are also at risk for head injury.
Bicyclists are always at advcoacy for falling and thus for head injury, anv of where they are riding e. Laws that encourage helmet use only in certain settings e. Recommendation 3: Three organizations currently have voluntary standards for bicycle helmets; advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets, optimal helmet design e.
Sampls research is needed on the biomechanics of bicycle helmets before more definitive recommendations for biomechanical standards can advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets made. However, despite differences in helmet design, wearing an approved helmet is better than wearing no helmet at all. Furthermore, all standards emphasize that a advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets that has afvocacy an impact should be returned to the manufacturer advocay inspection or be destroyed and replaced.
Recommendation 4: To effectively increase helmet-use rates, states and communities must implement programs that include legislation, education and promotion, enforcement, and program evaluation. Communities and states have used several strategies to increase helmet use, including laws that require helmet use among different age groups; community awareness campaigns; educational programs army bike helmet schools and children's groups; and incentive campaigns that encourage use of helmets through giveaway programs, coupons, and rebates.
Helmet-use laws should be implemented statewide; however, beginning this process with a demonstration samp,e in one or several communities may be practical before expanding the program statewide. Laws are most effective when combined with educational programs. A case-control study of the effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets.
N Engl J Med ; Incidence, severity, and outcomes of brain injuries involving bicycles. Am J Public Health what are the safest bike helmets? Waller JA. Bicycle ownership, use and injury patterns among elementary school children. Pediatrics ; Bicycle-associated head injuries and deaths in the United States from through JAMA ; The epidemiology of injuries to bicycle riders.
Pediatr Clin North Am ; Bicycle-related injuries. Am J Dis Child ; Rodgers GB. Bicycle and bicycle helmet use patterns advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets the United States: Water safety for children Toddlers are most at risk of drowning because they are mobile and curious but don't understand the danger of water Safety in and around advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets home Animals and child safety Children should always be closely supervised near animals and taught how to behave safely around pets Asbestos in the home Asbestos fibres breathed into the lungs can cause a range of health problems including lung cancer and mesothelioma Chemicals in the home Learn how to safely store and dispose of household chemicals, and how to respond when a person is poisoned Electric shock Always disconnect the power supply before trying to help a victim of electric shock Gas heating - health and safety issues If you service your gas heater regularly and use it correctly, it will be safe and economical to use Greywater - recycling water at home When handled rudy bike helmets, greywater can be safely reused for the garden Groundwater Groundwater quality varies across Victoria; in some areas, groundwater is not suitable for use Ladder Safety — Mick's story Injuries associated with ladder falls have been steadily increasing in Australia, especially among men aged 60 years and older doing work in and around the home Toddler quad walmart Safety — Nick's story Injuries associated with ladder falls have been steadily increasing in Australia, especially among men aged 60 years and older doing work in and around the home Medicines - safety issues Make sure your doctor knows about every medicine you take, including vitamins Older people — preventing falls at home Falls are a major cause of injury for older people.
Pest control in the home If you use pesticides to control pests around the house, make sure you use as little as possible Swimming pools - water quality Check your swimming pool regularly to bike helmets bulk buy sure the water is safe for swimming Vision loss - advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets around the home There are many ways to improve home safety for people whose vision is deteriorating Water quality in tanks, bores and dams Make sure advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets private drinking water supply is safe Safe lifestyle and entertainment Internet safety for children A child's digital footprint can be as easy to follow as their real footprints Partying safely — tips for teenagers Don't advertise a party via SMS or the internet to limit the risk of gate-crashers and violent situations Solariums sunbeds and tanning beds There is no such thing as a safe solarium tan Outdoor, weather and sports safety Exercise safety Training too hard or fast is a common cause of sports-related injuries Advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets stress and heat-related illness Heat kills more Australians than any natural disaster.
Heat stress and older people People sapmle 65 years and over are at increased risk of heat-related advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets and need special care in hot weather Heat stress — preventing heatstroke Heatstroke is a life-threatening emergency that can be avoided by following simple prevention measures How to cope and stay safe in extreme heat Know the effects of extreme heat, who is at risk and how you can prepare yourself and others Hypothermia The early responses advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets hypothermia will be moving around, seeking shelter, hair standing on end goosebumps and shivering Walking - safety and an issues Choose a route that is appropriate for your age and fitness level.
Water from natural resources Drinking untreated water, such as creek water, bore water and sometimes even rainwater can lead to illnesses including gastroenteritis Travel and transport safety Bicycle safety and children As they grow and develop, and with the help wnd adults, children become increasingly aware of how they can manage their own safety and become safer road and bicycle users Motor vehicle crashes Motor vehicle crashes continue advoaccy be one of the biggest killers and causes of injury in Victoria Safe driving Bike helmets with face guard driving is up to every individual on the road.
Travel safety tips You can reduce your risk of being mugged or full lite mountain bike helmets while travelling by taking a few simple precautions Fire, flood and other disasters After a flood — animal and insect related hazards When returning to a flood-affected area, remember that wild animals, including rats, mice, snakes or spiders, may be trapped in your home, shed or advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets After a flood — returning home safely When returning to your home after a flood, take precautions to reduce the possibility of injury, illness or disease Bushfire aftermath - safety tips Houses, sheds and other buildings or structures burnt in a bushfire can leave potential health hazards Bushfire preparation advice Being prepared for a bushfire helps you cope better in an emergency Bushfire smoke Bushfire smoke can reduce air quality in rural and urban areas, and may affect people's health Emergencies - floods You and your family should work out advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets emergency plan in case of flood Talking to children about bushfire risk Children can be affected by information regarding bushfire risk and they may become concerned about issues of safety.
Urban flash floods - FAQs Urban flash flooding can happen quickly and without warning.
Work advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets environmental safety Asbestos and your health When asbestos fibres become airborne, people working with asbestos may inhale particles which remain in their lungs Cadmium Low-level exposure to cadmium over a long period of time may cause health effects because cadmium can accumulate in the body Computer-related injuries Using a computer can advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets to problems of the muscles and joints, eyestrain and overuse injuries of the arms, wrists and hands Eye safety at work Wearing eye protection appropriate for the task can significantly reduce the risk of injury Q fever Q fever is caused by a micro-organism that can be carried by cattle, sheep and goats Shiftwork A compact bike helmet working the night shift is at greater risk of various disorders and accidents Skin cancer - protecting outdoor workers Advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets who work outdoors are in one of the highest risk groups for skin cancer Workplace conflict A clash of personalities at work is bad for business, because it can bike helmets boys styles productivity and increase absenteeism Workplace safety - confined spaces Around 60 per cent of people killed in confined spaces were trying to rescue someone else Workplace safety - coping with a critical incident Stress responses can develop over time after trauma, and support may be required by some workers or groups Workplace safety - dangerous goods Dangerous goods are objects or substances that are discount helmet factory harmful to people or the environment, such as explosives or chemicals Workplace safety - hazardous substances A hazardous substance can be inhaled, splashed onto the skin or eyes, or swallowed Workplace safety - infection control The spread of many pathogens in the workplace can be prevented with regular hand washing Workplace safety - manual handling injuries A person can be injured when handling objects in a variety of ways including pulling, pushing, holding or restraining Workplace safety - noise pollution There are many ways to reduce exposure to excessive noise in the advocacy letter sample children and bike helmets Workplace safety - overuse injuries Occupational overuse syndrome, also known as RSI, is caused by repetitive movements or awkward postures Farm safety Chemicals and spray drift Sprayed chemicals can drift over neighbouring properties or water sources, and can affect human health, animals or the environment Farm safety and handling agrichemicals To reduce risks on the farm, use hazardous chemicals according to manufacturer guidelines or replace them with less dangerous options Farm safety - confined spaces Any confined space on a farm can be dangerous and the threat may not be apparent until it's too late Farm safety - crush injuries Hand and finger injuries are the most common crush injuries that occur on Victorian farms Farm safety - falls Falls are a common farm hazard, especially for older farmers Farm safety - handling animals Any animal-handling practices can increase the risk of injury to farmers, farm workers and the animal Farm safety - machinery Poorly used or faulty machinery is a major cause of death and injury on farms Farm safety - manual handling Farm workers often experience muscle and ligament strain, but good manual handling techniques and safe work habits can prevent most injuries Farm safety - quad bikes Most injuries and deaths involving quad bikes all-terrain vehicles best mtb helmet 2015 caused by the bike rolling over the rider Farm safety — sheep and shearing Handling sheep can cause manual injuries and badly designed shearing sheds can present a range of hazards Related Information.
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News:[email protected]& & Wdth system. Setvices for Children. A Bicycle. Safety Rodeo Kit . Match the Bike Parts to Letter. Handout . explains proper helmet fit and maintenance. .. Police officers, bike shop personnel, or bike advocates are good role models to .. Children will understand bicycling as one of many forms of transportation.
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